Spring 1998

Instructor:     Dr. James A. Strauss                                         Biology 129

                    115 Mueller Lab                                                 T, R 12:20-1:10

                    865-7648                                                           101 Thomas Building

                    OFFICE HOURS MWF 9:30-10:30, or by appointment

Date Lecture No. Topic Reading

Jan.          13

1 Introduction/Cells Ch. 1, 2
15 2 Cells and Tissues Ch. 2, 3
20 3 Cells and Tissues/Development Ch. 3, 26
22 4 Development Ch. 26
27 5 Integument Ch. 4
29 6 Integument Ch. 4
Feb.            3 7 Skeleton and Articulations Ch. 5, 6
5 8 Skeleton and Articulations Ch. 7, 8
10 9 Muscular System Ch. 9
12 10 Muscular System Ch. 10
19 12 Digestive System Ch. 23
24 13 Digestive System Ch. 23
26 14 Digestive System Ch. 23
Mar.            3 15 Circulatory System Ch. 12, 13
5 16 Circulatory System Ch. 14, 15
March 9-13 SPRING BREAK!
17 17 Circulatory System Ch. 14, 15
19 18 Respiratory System Ch. 22
24 19 Urinary System Ch. 24


21 Urinary System Ch. 24
April            2 22 Reproductive System Ch. 24
7 23 Reproductive System Ch. 25
9 24 Reproductive System Ch. 25
14 25 Special Senses Ch. 20
16 26 Special Senses Ch. 20
21 27 Nervous System Ch. 16, 17
23 28 Nervous System Ch. 17, 18
28 29 Nervous System Ch. 18, 19
30 30 Endocrine System Ch. 21
May         5-9 Finals Week LECTURE EXAM 3


Lecture Text: Principles of Human Anatomy, G. Tortora, 7th edition, 1995

Lab Manual: Human Anatomy Laboratory Textbook, 4th ed. H. Benson/ K. Talaro, 1993

On reserve at Pattee:

Principles of Human Anatomy, G. Tortora, 6th edition, 1992

Pictorial Anatomy of the Cat, S. Gilbert


Course Objectives: Every effort will be made to link lecture topics with specimen study in lab; however, the emphasis of lecture and lab are different. Lecture will feature presentations of the major human anatomical systems and their important functional considerations. Microscopic anatomy of organ systems, not visible in lab dissections, will also be featured in lecture. Laboratory will focus on specimen dissection and structural identification (naming) of human and mammalian anatomy. Memorization is an integral part of any anatomy course and will be an important study skill for this course! Students that successfully complete this course will have a good understanding of human body structure, construction, and function.

Grading: The final course grade will be based on 350 points (Lecture 150 pts, Lab 200 pts); if necessary, a curve at the end of the semester will establish the final course grades. We will post approximate "curved grades" after each examination.

Participation in lab dissections is a required portion of this course.

We reserve the right to factor attendance into your final course grade.

Lecture Exams will consist of 50 multiple choice, matching, and diagram questions. These exams will emphasize material contained in lecture, although some questions may be derived from reading assignments. 43% of course grade (150 points) will be from Lecture Material. Arrangements for make-up exams should be made prior to the regularly scheduled exam with Dr. Strauss (valid excuse required).

1st Exam: 50 points

2nd Exam: 50 points

Final Exam: 50 points

Lab Exams will be given during the evening (see schedule), consist of 50 questions, and focus on identification of anatomical structures. Students will have to recall the structure name and write it correctly on a blank answer sheet. Approximately 80% of the questions on these exams will be identification, the remaining 20% of the questions will be questions from the assigned laboratory readings. 57% of course grade (200 points) will be from Laboratory Material. Arrangements for make-up exams should be made prior to the regular lab exam with your T.A. (valid excuse required). Make-up exams will be given the following morning at 8:00 AM.

1st Practical: 50 points

2nd Practical: 50 points

3rd Practical: 50 points

4th Practical: 50 points

Attendance: Experience has proven that the only way to ensure success in the course is to regularly attend both lecture and lab. We reserve the right to factor attendance into your final course grade. Lecture exams draw heavily from the material presented in lecture and in the past, Nittany Notes have proven to be a poor substitution for missing lectures. Lab attendance is necessary to complete the required dissections. Lab time is limited to the section you scheduled; there are no provisions for "extra lab time" outside of your regularly scheduled lab section. Missed labs may be made up with the course instructor's or teaching assistant's permission, provided a legal written excuse is provided (sleeping late is not a valid excuse). If you know you will be missing a lab, please inform your T.A. before the lab is missed.

Laboratory Supplies: In addition to the laboratory manual, students will need a blunt probe, scalpel, forceps, and scissors. If you purchase a dissection kit, please make sure it contains these items. Students may also wish to purchase rubber gloves . Eye protection is not required; however, students wearing contact lenses should be aware that the chemical preservatives in anatomy specimens can irritate the eyes of contact lens wearers.

All dissection specimens, skeletal materials, models, charts, etc. are to remain in lab! Students caught removing these materials from laboratory will receive a failure for the course.

Tips for success in this course:

1. If you need a particular letter grade for graduation or your major, prepare to do the necessary work!

2. Regular attendance of lecture and lab.

3. In order to optimize the time you have in lab, you are expected to read the lab assignment prior to arriving to lab! This will help to focus your dissecting and learning efforts. Reading the lecture assignment prior to lecture aids in understanding lecture material and helps to focus your study efforts.

4. Do not do all your studying the night before the exam. By definition, anatomy requires you to develop memorization and vocabulary skills. If you procrastinate, there will be too much material to learn in one or two evenings. The best students study anatomy materials several times a week, sometimes daily!

5. Study frequently, in small amounts. 30-60 minutes of review each day will do wonders for most students' grades. Some students may need more study time than this, but long marathon anatomy study sessions are often counter productive.

6. For lecture, focus on the big picture! Try to organize material by systems, first look at the gross anatomy, then the microanatomy, and finally, ask yourself how these elements function in the system. Line item memorization will not work unless you attempt to organize each piece into the larger picture.

7. Work with a partner or small group. While this is not for everyone, this often helps to focus your studying efforts. It is essential that you work with a partner in lab.

8. In lab, look at other groups' dissections and specimens. Not all dissections and specimens look alike and lab exams will feature many different specimens and dissections.

9. Drawing specimens, structures, vessel pathways, etc. from scratch (blank piece of paper) is excellent review for lab. You don't have to be a great artist, and this allows you to review at home. Students that can draw dissections from memory usually have few problems with lab exams. Try it!

10. If you having difficulty with the course, or your exam grades are not up to expectations,

get assistance and studying advice early in the semester, either from your laboratory T.A. or Dr. Strauss.


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